The ability to take someone down is an essential aspect of many combat sports. This skill is also important for defending yourself in a street fight. A successful takedown or throw will weaken your opponent and leave them in a vulnerable position for you to capitalize on. This article combines training exercises and concepts from various grappling styles to provide a guideline for getting better at takedowns.
Drilling is the process of repeating a technique or movement over and over again so that it becomes muscle memory, sharpens the specific technique and develops your skills. The list below describes an assortment of technique drilling examples to get you better at takedowns.
Technical movements that you could perform by yourself.
Footwork - Get into the proper stance for whatever grappling style you prefer (wrestling, greco roman, judo, etc.). Move in different directions while maintaining your stance. Be mindful of your posture and form. Add movements like pivoting and circling to this drill as well.
Movement Drills - Practice setups and takedown movements utilized in your respective martial arts. Examples for wrestling below:
Changing level and following up with a penetration step
Wrestling duck walk
Arm drag to back control
Sprawling, moving back to a wrestling stance and then immediately shooting for a double leg
Techniques - Drill techniques you struggled to pull off in sparring. Focus on doing the technique in a slow controlled manner to enhance your body’s coordination for performing it, then gradually execute the technique at a faster speed.
Shadow Grappling - Similar to shadow boxing, this exercise requires you to replicate sparring scenarios with an imaginary opponent. Be creative and move at the speed that you will actually encounter in a match. Doing this will help you accustom yourself mentally and physically to actual competition conditions.
Having a good training partner is important for maximizing the benefits received from partner drills. Unlike the previously mentioned solo drills, drilling techniques with a partner allows you to practice lifting, balancing and completing throwing motions with actual resistance. Additionally, using teammates with various weight, shape and size is great for learning how to adjust and adapt your body position appropriately to take down anybody.
Leg Placement - Move around with your training partner and have them randomly switch stances. Carry out a takedown technique according to their leg placement. For example, judo practitioners should work on inside and outside leg trips based on the partner’s relative stance to their own. While a wrestler trains shooting for a single leg or a double leg depending on whether the teammate’s lead leg is the same side as their lead leg or not.
Countering Sprawls - Get your teammate to sprawl each time you shoot for a takedown attempt. Incorporate techniques that counter this action or work on scrambling back to your feet.
Balancing Your Teammate - To master the ability to do throws, focus on completing the technique by using leverage instead of strength. For example, a drill for improving your hip toss technique is the repetition of loading a larger teammate onto your hip and balancing them with your body frame so that they feel “weightless.”
Grip Fighting - If you cannot remove an opponent’s grips or separate from their clinches, then the opponent could control where the actions occurs. Consequently, it is critical for you to practice peeling off grips, such as gi (uniform) collar grips or a wrestling collar tie.
Snap Down - Break down your opponent's posture with the snap down technique that uses the wrestling collar tie grip. A person’s common reaction is to regain their composure by immediately posturing back up. Anticipating this reaction allows you to time your level change and penetrate inside for a takedown. Practice using the snap down to set up various takedown techniques.
Concepts and Strategies
Each grappling style has their own fundamental concept that makes them effective. The content below details key concepts and strategies for improving your takedown skills.
Takedown Road Map - It is valuable to have the ability to chain takedown sequences together and blend them with different clinching setups. Therefore, you should create a road map that dictates what takedown techniques can pair up with each other, what works with a particular clinching position and what you can do based on the opponent's reaction. This will create a foundation on how to proceed from any setup or takedown.
Off-Balance - To maximize your success in moves like Judo throws, work on disrupting your opponent’s balance before progressing to any takedown attempt. For example, judo practitioners use their grips to perform movements that off-balances and bring their opponents to the edge of their tippy toes before following up with a hip or shoulder throw.
Changing Levels - For takedown techniques that require you to shoot forward with a penetration step, consistency in changing your levels is vital.
Fighting for Head Position - Make it a habit to use your forehead as a tool to manipulate the opponent’s head position. This action will impede their vision and off-balance them.
Stopping an Opponent from Posting - People frequently use their arms as a measuring tool to determine if they are within range to shoot for a takedown. They will also post their hands on your body to impede your forward movement. Take advantage of this situation by implementing arm drags or simply pushing their arms upward and exposing their lower body for a double leg.
Grab and Go - Due to a bigger opponent’s superiority in size and strength, concentrate on utilizing setup moves that lets you quickly grab them, immediately disrupt their balance or posture, and create openings for takedowns as they try to recover. The movements should occur rapidly, so that the opponent is unable to get a hold of you. If the initial attempt fails, you could always disengage. Arm drags and snap downs are examples of these moves.
Moving the Opponent into Position - During sparring, move your opponent into positions where you want them. An example of translating this action into a single leg:
As you engage into a clinching position, slide your hands forward and obtain double bicep control.
Pull the arm that is on the same side as your lead leg. Use your footwork and move them with your body instead of just using your arm strength.
To maintain their balance, the opponent will step forward on the side of the pulled arm.
Now you have their lead leg to match yours, which is perfect for shooting into a single leg.
- Keep Them Guessing - Spamming the same combinations of moves over and over again makes you predictable and easier to counter. This is where having an extensive takedown road map comes in handy. Constantly changing your positional setups and takedown combinations will effectively keep them guessing and a step behind you.